Childcare and Eldercare

After School Action

Caregivers’ Experiences During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Their Children’s Behavior.

The COVID-19 pandemic has financial and emotional impacts on families. We explored how caregivers’ financial strain and mental health are associated with changes in their young children’s behavior during the pandemic. We additionally considered whether having a sense of purpose moderated these associations. Caregivers (n = 300) in the emergency department of a children’s hospital [Read More...]

2023-03-24T09:56:21-04:00March 24th, 2023|

Maternal Informal Learning Experiences that Shape Parenting Practices.

Current understanding of the linkage between maternal education and parenting practices has largely been informed using a narrow definition of educational attainment—the highest level of education an individual has completed. However, the proximal processes that shape parenting, including informal learning experiences, are also important to understand. Less is known about the informal learning experiences that [Read More...]

2023-03-24T09:37:37-04:00March 24th, 2023|

Improving Early Childhood Caries for American Indian 3- to 5-Year-Old Children Through Interprofessional Outreach: 2018–2022.

We sought to determine the effectiveness of an interprofessional healthteam in improving access to oral health care among American Indian childrenenrolled in Head Start. Our team provided preventive treatments and casemanagement during 11 visits from 2018 to 2022. Case management reduced thetime between referral and dental treatment from a median of 166 days to 58.3days [Read More...]

2023-03-24T09:23:49-04:00March 24th, 2023|

Personal Support Worker Socio-Demographic Differences Across Care Sectors in Canada

With the growing reliance on Personal Support Workers (PSWs) in healthcare delivery for older adults across hospital, nursing and long-term carehome, and home and community (HC) sectors, understanding the PSW labor marketis critical for healthcare human resource capacity to care for an agingpopulation. This study utilizes a longitudinal, cross-provincial,individual-level dataset of PSWs in Canada from [Read More...]

2023-03-20T13:10:38-04:00March 16th, 2023|

A Qualitative Description of Direct Care Workers of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Older Adults.

The aim of the study was to examine direct care worker (DCW)perceptions of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) older adults livingin long-term care, assisted living, and home health settings. DCWs providethe closest interaction with LGBT older adults in these settings. Theperceptions DCWs have toward LGBT older adults is important because thequality of care can be [Read More...]

2023-03-16T16:44:46-04:00March 16th, 2023|

“Friend-ish”: Home Care Workers, “Social Labor” and Managing the Boundaries of the Carer Relationship.

We examine how changes in home care work, with greater emphasis on socialsupport, have led to corresponding changes in the forms of labor performed byhome care workers. Drawing on interviews with fifty older adults, we find inaddition to physical and emotional labor, workers may be increasinglyexpected to engage in a form of labor we term [Read More...]

2023-03-16T16:19:53-04:00March 16th, 2023|

“I Depend on Her for Everything”: A Retrospective Chart Review of Home Care Worker Service Disruptions for Homebound Older Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Home care workers played critical roles in meeting the complex medicaland social needs of homebound adults during COVID-19, yet their contributionsremain underappreciated. This study characterizes home care workers' rolesduring COVID-19 and examines how home care disruptions impacted homeboundindividuals and caregivers. Using a qualitative analysis of electronicmedical records among a randomly sampled subset of homebound patients [Read More...]

2023-03-16T16:13:22-04:00March 16th, 2023|

Improving Care Coordination Between Veterans Health Administration Primary Care Teams and Community Home Health Aide Providers: A Qualitative Study.

Effective coordination between medical and long-term services isessential to high-quality primary care for older adults, but can bechallenging. Our study assessed coordination and communication throughsemi-structured interviews with Veterans Health Administration (VHA) primarycare clinicians (n = 9); VHA-contracted home health agencies (n = 6); andhome health aides (n = 8) caring for veterans at an urban [Read More...]

2023-03-16T16:08:55-04:00March 16th, 2023|

Using Independent Contracting Arrangements in Integrated Care Programs for Older Adults: Implications for Clients and the Home Care Workforce in a Time of Neoliberal Restructuring.

Integrated care programs reshape the processes of health and social caredelivery in the home care sector to be more continuous, cooperative,equitable, and efficient. An independent contracting model is one approachbeing used to overcome issues related to home care fragmentation. To betterunderstand the implications of this model of service delivery for clients andcarers, interviews were conducted [Read More...]

2023-03-16T15:14:33-04:00March 16th, 2023|

Not in My Schoolyard: Disability Discrimination in Educational Access

Disabled people constitute the largest minority group in the United States, and disability discrimination is prohibited under federal law.Nevertheless, disability has received limited attention in the sociology of discrimination. We examine disability discrimination in an important gatekeeping interaction: access to public education. In an audit study of more than 20,000 public schools, we sent emails [Read More...]

2023-03-10T09:52:34-05:00March 10th, 2023|
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